Cortex-M0 LPC1114中断优先级怎么设置

  • 学习10055次

LPC1114的中断,由中断控制模块NVIC控制。一共32个中断,每个中断的优先级可编程为 0~3 四种级别。级别越高对应的优先级越低。因此,级别0 是最高的中断优先级。

设置中断优先级的函数,CMISIS已经写好,并嵌入到了编译器中,例如,我们用KEIL开发的话,设置中断优先级的函数位于core_cm0.h文件当中,函数如下所示:

/** \brief Set Interrupt Priority

The function sets the priority of an interrupt.

\note The priority cannot be set for every core interrupt.

\param [in] IRQn Interrupt number.
\param [in] priority Priority to set.
*/
__STATIC_INLINE void NVIC_SetPriority(IRQn_Type IRQn, uint32_t priority)
{
if(IRQn < 0) {
SCB->SHP[_SHP_IDX(IRQn)] = (SCB->SHP[_SHP_IDX(IRQn)] & ~(0xFF << _BIT_SHIFT(IRQn))) |
(((priority << (8 - __NVIC_PRIO_BITS)) & 0xFF) << _BIT_SHIFT(IRQn)); }
else {
NVIC->IP[_IP_IDX(IRQn)] = (NVIC->IP[_IP_IDX(IRQn)] & ~(0xFF << _BIT_SHIFT(IRQn))) |
(((priority << (8 - __NVIC_PRIO_BITS)) & 0xFF) << _BIT_SHIFT(IRQn)); }
}

从上面函数可以看出,该函数有两个参数,IRQn是指你要设置的中断向量,priority是中断优先级,优先级可以是0 1 2 3四个数,0的优先级最大,3的优先级最小。假设你要设置GPIO1中断的优先级最高,那么就是:

NVIC_SetPriority(EINT1_IRQn, 0);

这时,有人会问,”EINT1_IRQn”从哪里来?答:这个可以在LPC11xx.h文件当中找到,如下所示:

/*
* ==========================================================================
* ---------- Interrupt Number Definition -----------------------------------
* ==========================================================================
*/
typedef enum IRQn
{
/****** Cortex-M0 Processor Exceptions Numbers ***************************************************/
Reset_IRQn = -15, /*!< 1 Reset Vector, invoked on Power up and warm reset */
NonMaskableInt_IRQn = -14, /*!< 2 Non maskable Interrupt, cannot be stopped or preempted */
HardFault_IRQn = -13, /*!< 3 Hard Fault, all classes of Fault */
SVCall_IRQn = -5, /*!< 11 System Service Call via SVC instruction */
PendSV_IRQn = -2, /*!< 14 Pendable request for system service */
SysTick_IRQn = -1, /*!< 15 System Tick Timer */

/****** LPC11Cxx or LPC11xx Specific Interrupt Numbers *******************************************************/
WAKEUP0_IRQn = 0, /*!< All I/O pins can be used as wakeup source. */
WAKEUP1_IRQn = 1, /*!< There are 13 pins in total for LPC11xx */
WAKEUP2_IRQn = 2,
WAKEUP3_IRQn = 3,
WAKEUP4_IRQn = 4,
WAKEUP5_IRQn = 5,
WAKEUP6_IRQn = 6,
WAKEUP7_IRQn = 7,
WAKEUP8_IRQn = 8,
WAKEUP9_IRQn = 9,
WAKEUP10_IRQn = 10,
WAKEUP11_IRQn = 11,
WAKEUP12_IRQn = 12,
CAN_IRQn = 13, /*!< CAN Interrupt */
SSP1_IRQn = 14, /*!< SSP1 Interrupt */
I2C_IRQn = 15, /*!< I2C Interrupt */
TIMER_16_0_IRQn = 16, /*!< 16-bit Timer0 Interrupt */
TIMER_16_1_IRQn = 17, /*!< 16-bit Timer1 Interrupt */
TIMER_32_0_IRQn = 18, /*!< 32-bit Timer0 Interrupt */
TIMER_32_1_IRQn = 19, /*!< 32-bit Timer1 Interrupt */
SSP0_IRQn = 20, /*!< SSP0 Interrupt */
UART_IRQn = 21, /*!< UART Interrupt */
Reserved0_IRQn = 22, /*!< Reserved Interrupt */
Reserved1_IRQn = 23,
ADC_IRQn = 24, /*!< A/D Converter Interrupt */
WDT_IRQn = 25, /*!< Watchdog timer Interrupt */
BOD_IRQn = 26, /*!< Brown Out Detect(BOD) Interrupt */
FMC_IRQn = 27, /*!< Flash Memory Controller Interrupt */
EINT3_IRQn = 28, /*!< External Interrupt 3 Interrupt */
EINT2_IRQn = 29, /*!< External Interrupt 2 Interrupt */
EINT1_IRQn = 30, /*!< External Interrupt 1 Interrupt */
EINT0_IRQn = 31, /*!< External Interrupt 0 Interrupt */
} IRQn_Type;

介绍完毕,没有看懂的,从头再看一遍。如果实在看不懂,在下面留言给我。

发表评论